The circuit diagram of 3A switching regulator has been published here. The central part of this circuit is the IC LM 317. This voltage regulator can deliver a maximum output current of 3A. The input voltage range of this circuit is between 8 and 35V DC. The output voltage of the circuit can be adjusted between 1.8 to 32V DC. The output voltage is adjusted by using the potentiometer R4 (5K). One of the main advantages of switching regulators over liner regulators is its power efficiency.
Switching regulator operates by taking energy from the input voltage source and then transferring it to the output with the help of a solid state switch and a control circuitry. There is no wastage of energy in switching voltage regulators since the switching element is either fully open or closed at any moment. The efficiency of switching voltage regulators is around 85%. The rate of energy transfer from input to output is controlled by the control circuit by controlling the duty cycle of the solid state switch.
- Use a good quality PCB to assemble this circuit.
- The electronic circuit given here is a simple and low cost switching regulator.
- Adequate heat sinks should be provided for IC1 and Q1.
- Capacitor C1 must be a solid tantalum capacitor.